Download | Draft Marriages Bill [Replaces Marriages Act]


This Marriages Bill, 2017, repeals and replaces the current Customary Marriages Act [Chapter 5:07] and the Marriage Act [Chapter 5:11]. There will be one Act of Parliament governing marriages in
Zimbabwe and the new Act will also update the law in line with the Constitution. The following are
the main Constitutional precepts which the Marriages Bill takes into account:-
 gender equality (section 3 (1)(g) of the Constitution);
 recognition of the rights of women, youths and children (section 3 (2)(i)(iii) of the Constitution);
 the recognition of the rights of cultural groups (section 3 (2)(i)(i);
 the preservation of cultural values and practices which enhance the dignity, well-being and
equality of people (section 16 (1);
 section 26 of the Constitution with respect to the requirement of free and full consent to marriage
by the intending spouses; the ban on the pledging of children in marriage; the equality of rights
and obligations of spouses during marriage and at dissolution; provision for the protection of any
children of a marriage upon the dissolution of marriage whether by divorce or on death;
 the paramountcy of the best interests of the child (section 19 (1) and 81 (2) of the Constitution), a
child being a person under the age of 18 years (section 81 (1) of the Constitution);
 the right of any person who has attained the age of eighteen to found a family, not to be
compelled to enter into marriage against their will and the prohibition of same sex marriages
(section 78 of the Constitution);
 protection of children from sexual exploitation (section 81 (1)(e);
 the supremacy of the Constitution which, in section 2 (1), invalidates any law, practice, custom
or conduct which is inconsistent with the Constitution.


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Daniel Chigundu

Daniel Chigundu is a journalist in Zimbabwe and has been practising since September 2009. He used to be the editor for The Business Connect (newspaper) in Harare, has his own website Tourism Focus which is biased towards the tourism sector. Daniel is also working with Magamba Network as news editor for their project called Open Parliament where they do live coverage of Parliamentary activities on Twitter and Facebook. He is currently the secretary-general of the Zimbabwe Parliamentary Journalists Forum, is a member of Zimbabwe Small Broadcasters Association and a board member of Digital Communication Network. He holds a Diploma in Communication and Journalism from the Christian College of Southern Africa (CCOSA), a certificate in Youth leadership training from the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), a certificate in Citizen Journalism from Magamba Network and is currently a first-year student at Zimbabwe Open University studying for a Bachelor of Arts Honours in Ethics and Organisational Leadership.

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